Cajanus cajan L. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. kadyos in Philippines. If you have been in a draught, "don’t feel yourself right,’’ use white pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan,with chadon benni (Eryngium foetidum), boil, put in salt anddrink. Press. 68. N.A.S. Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan, a tropical plant commonly used as a vegetable ingredient. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful ofleaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbadosoil, castor oil, and cooking oil. Young shoots and the green seedpods are used to make a good pectoral infusion[ 348 ]. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. The Indian subcontinent, eastern Africa and Central America are the World's three main pigeon pea-producing regions. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Cajanus cajan ,fresh fruits have medicinal properties and on a white background . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page. toor Dal in Marathi. Introduced in Caucasus, Western Asia, China (including Taiwan), Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia, tropical Africa, Madagascar, tropical South America, New Guinea, Australia The pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L) Millspaugh), a high protein tropical bush legume. Common Names: no-eye pea. Common name i: Pigeon pea: Synonym i: Cajanus indicus: Other names i ›Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. behliang in the Zomi/Mizo language. Right plant wrong place. Plants produce deep tap roots, they can succeed in poor soils and are extremely drought resistant once established[ 298 , 300 ]. You can unsubscribe at anytime. ch’charo in Latin America. Res., 28(2), Article No. The wood is used in light construction. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. It is the main source of protein in vegetarian populations of developing countries and provides nutrition which is not provided by cereals. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. The grain is popularly consumed in India, Asia, and Africa. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The crop is cultivated on marginal land by resource-poor farmers, who commonly grow traditional medium- and long-duration (5-11 months) landraces. This medicinal species is also called di erent things depending on its location of growth [1,2]. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Agroforestry Services: Alley crop  Agroforestry Services: Crop shade  Agroforestry Services: Nitrogen  Agroforestry Services: Windbreak  Fodder: Bank  Fodder: Insect  Global Crop as Annual  Management: Coppice  Management: Standard  New Perennial Crop  Other Systems: Homegarden  Other Systems: Perennial fallow  Staple Crop: ProteinGrows well in lowland tropical areas up to an elevation of 1,500 metres, though some forms can still do well up to 2,000 metres[ 300 ]. Contents. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. An enzyme called 'urease' can be extracted from the plant. Cajanus indicus . The dried stalks and branches are used for fuel[ 320 ]. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Widely cultivated as a vegetable and pulse crop. Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. tuver' in Gujarati. The root bark contains numerous flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, and triterpenes[ 348 ]. Sci. If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. Grows best in a sunny position[ 320 ]. Duke, J.A. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids … Often grown as a shade crop for tree crops or vanilla, a cover crop, or occasionally as a windbreak hedge. thuvaram paruppu in Tamil. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … A good source of protein[ 298 ]. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Cajanus cajan: Taxonomy navigation › Cajanus. Int. The stems are used as material in making baskets and in thatching. * Important announcements and news Het geslacht telt ongeveer 34 soorten die voorkomen in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort komt voor in West-Afrika.. Soorten. Phosphorus is the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha. Pronunciation of Cajanus cajan with 1 audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Cajanus cajan. In silico and in vitro parameters were used to assess the potential of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) nutrient reservoir proteins as sources of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors. An infusion of the leaves, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used to accelerate childbirth[ 348 ]. For more information about QR Codes click here. The boiled leaves are applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization[ 348 ]. Cajanus cajan basic info. Swizzle well and drink. Handbook of Energy Crops. June 2008. Higher levels of pruning can result in higher and unacceptable levels of plant mortality[ 303 ]. An important legume crop of rainfed agriculture in the semiarid tropics. A decoction is used for washing ulcers[ 348 ]. Emergence is complete 2 - 3 weeks after sowing. A decoction of the plant is diuretic and laxative[ 200 ]. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. A relatively low-yielding crop, yields of up to 5 tonnes per hectare of pods, or 1 tonne of seeds can be achieved[ 300 , 404 ]. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp is a protein-rich legume species belonging to the Fabaceae family. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 200 ]. [KEY WORDS] Cajanus cajan; Stilbenes; Flavonoids; Leguminosae [CLC Number] R284.1 [Document code] A [Article ID] 2095-6975(2019)05-0381-06 Introductionï€ The plant Cajanus cajan is one of the representative gen- era in the Leguminosae family. Cajanus cajan. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Menu. There are two main forms of this plant, and many named varieties of each[ 46 , 300 , 301 ]. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. All plant pages have their own unique code. Other Uses The stems are of use in basketry and thatching[ 200 ]. The macerated leaves are used as a deodorant[ 348 ]. The root contains cajanone, an antimicrobial agent[ 348 ]. Plants generally prefer a rainfall in the region of 500 - 1,000mm per year, though there are some cultivars that are adapted to wet, humid tropics so long as the soil is well drained[ 300 ]. Ambrevate in language. In perennial crops, 2 - 10 tonnes per hectare a year of woody stalks can be harvested for fuel[ 404 ]. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Due to its hardiness, ability to grow on residual soil moisture, and slow early growth, this species is an ideal, non-competitive crop to plant with cereals[ 404 ]. You will receive a range of benefits including: Commercial. Muangman T, Leelamanit W and Klungsupaya P, 2011. orhor dal in Bengali. The plant improves the soil through its extensive root system, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the fallen leaves. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Preferred Common Name. Plenum Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) [Figures 1 and 2] is a perennial member of . quinchoncho in Venezuela. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. (In . Pigeonpea is found in both annual and perennial forms. Spreng., Cajanus flavus. Ripe seeds are eaten roasted too. Amberivatry in language. A good companion plant, it is often grown in association with other crops[ 300 ]. Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. Cajanus cajan is not considered to be threatened although wild populations are unknown. Flavus DC. Cajanus bicolor DC. Cajanus_cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops. Cajanus cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. The leaves are alternate and trifoliate. Paper 1. p. 89–150. Terminal (leaf) node. A strong, spicy odour, with a new flavour that is not agreeable to everyone[ 298 ]. Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies ©Forest & Kim Starr-2008 - CC BY 4.0 The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. L. Uses. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. An infusion of the flowers and leaves is diuretic and is used as a diabetes remedy[ 348 ]. Morphological comparison of C. cajan, C. cajanifolius and F 1 hybrid small chromosome size and some of the chromosomal configurations are difficult to visualize. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Vegetative development starts slowly, but after 2 - 3 months growth accelerates[ 299 ]. Ambraty in language. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. 1981b. Pigeon Pea, Puerto Rico Bean, Gandul, Dhal, Congo Pea. Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan), which is a significant food crop.. Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus.. arveja in Ecuador. In silico, 40 pigeon pea proteins evaluated had 46% of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. Trending How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan. Seedpods - cooked[ 300 ]. This species is believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated crops. Leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[ 298 , 300 ]. Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. For common names of Cajanus cajan in different languages - See link. It has medicinal applications[ 320 ]. Pigeon pea is planted as green manure. The root system is reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds. var s = '' The green or dried peas are generally consumed as an indigenous vegetable and serve as a dietary protein source. Ambrevade in language. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. In: Office of Var. 21: 98–112. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. NewYork. Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. Cajanus cajan is an important legume crop in the human diet in many parts of the world. In China, C. scarabaeoides is sometimes used as fodder, and has shown to be effective in reducing diarrhea in cattle. It can be killed by heavy frost. The stems are woody at the base, angular and branching. It seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils[ 303 ]. (2011). Despite the ability of the plant to improve soil fertility and promote greening environment, it has not attracted adequate awareness as a soil improvement plant. In addition to being used as a nutritional supplement, Cajanus cajan L. has also been used as a … Harvesting of dwarf varieties can commence 5 months after sowing (8 - 12 months for taller varieties) and continue for several months[ 300 ]. Cajanus acutifolius; Cajanus albicans J. Pharm. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. PMID 24431589. Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed  SeedpodEdible Uses: Seed - cooked. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan syn. Cajanus cajan, more commonly known as pigeon pea, is a drought-resistant crop important for small scale farmers in semi-arid areas where rainfall is low. Accordingly, seven sample sites Sodo zuria, Humbo, Abela abaya, Damot woyde, Hobicha from districts, and Tebela and Sodo from town administrations were selected. At pod maturity, the branches are cut at about 50cm. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. illeg. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Young leaves are chewed to treat boils on the tongue[ 272 ]. Due to its pharmacological properties, C. cajan is, moreover, used in traditional medicine for treating skin diseases, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and various other dysfunctions. Is a taller plant that is later to mature and is usually grown as a perennial[ 300 ]. The wood is used in light construction such as in roofing, wattling on carts, tubular wickerwork lining for wells and baskets[ 303 ]. Is a moderate height plant that is early maturing, it is often grown as an annual in India[ 300 ]. Short-duration dwarf cultivars are usually daylength neutral, but the taller growing cultivars are usually short-day plants that will not readily flower if day length is 12 hours or more[ 300 ]. From Ayurwiki. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Here is some basic information about Cajanus cajan and a list of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses and other uses of Cajanus cajan. Potential grain and forage production of early maturing pigeonpea in the southern Great Plains. Family: Leguminosae. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). 1980a. Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed. 2. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. Organism Type; Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV0) Experimental: Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Experimental * Moreira FJC, Albuquerque AM, Almeida BKS, Souza IMS, Araujo BA, Guedes FL (2018) Reacao de genotipos de guandu (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) ao nematoide das … If available other names are mentioned here. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares. crop: Cajanus . Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra. The plants are often used as brooms[ 272 ]. Var. L. Uses crop: Cajanus cajan is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram. gandule bean. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. This QR Code is unique to this page. of which are still in use. Crude proteins from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) possess potent SOD-like activity and genoprotective effect against H2O2 in TK6 cells. illeg. Cajanus Cajan Seeds - Pigeon Pea - Tropical Plant - Edible | Home & Garden, Yard, Garden & Outdoor Living, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs | eBay! The pigeon pea seed (Cajanus cajan) samples were collected from different localities based on their availability and knowledge of the society regarding their uses. kandi bedalu in Telugu. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. More >>>. Very young seeds can be cooked and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes[ 46 , 301 ]. 1981a. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), also known as pigeonpea, red gram, tur, pwa kongo in Haiti, or as gungo peas in Jamaica, is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae.Since its domestication in the Indian subcontinent at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The seeds germinate at temperatures of 19 - 43°c, but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c. 3. Source: James A. Duke. Cytisus cajanus. Common names in English: pigeon-pea, red gram, yellow dhal. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Not known in a truly wild situation. fio-fio. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Washington. The hedges can be cut 2 - 3 times a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 6 months. 1. Cajanus is een geslacht uit de vlinderbloemenfamilie (Leguminosae). The dark coloured pods contain 4 - 5 seeds[ 300 ]. Pests. For a list of references used on this page please go here Ripe seeds may be germinated and eaten as sprouts. Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. rahar daal in Nepali. PMC 3886394. Screening of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) Seeds for Study of their Flavonoids, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Properties. Uses In contrast to the Indian Subcontinent, where pigeon pea is mainly used as a pulse (dhal = split pea), the use of fresh seeds and even pods as a vegetable in sayors (spicy soups) and other side-dishes preponderates in South-East Asia. Pigeon peas are cultivated in more than 25 countries, either as a sole crop or intermixed with cereals, such as sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), or maize (Zea mays), or with other legumes, such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea). Plants produce forage quickly and can be used as a perennial forage crop or used for green manure. It is used for both human nutrition and animal fodder. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. Contents. The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan . Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. The extract of Cajanus cajan showed considerable activity and was further partitioned and the dichloromethane fraction was subjected to preparative chomatography to yield six compounds: hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, alpha-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, pinostrobin, longistylin A and longistylin C. Pinostrobin and longistylins A and C were tested for cytotoxicity on the cancer cell lines. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. It is also often used as a green manure and for soil stabilization. Unprocessed seed should not be consumed by humans or livestock. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) has the potential of fertilizing the soil thereby improving agricultural production and ensure green environmental and ecosystem stability. Pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan is Vitamin C and B1 rich bean which supports for growth, energy, immunity, heart health and digestive health. Arahar in Hindi Arhar in Hindi Congo Pea in language. Ambatribe in language. A short-lived, woody plant, dying after 1 - 5 years[ 404 ]. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. The plant has an extensive root system and is often grown to bind soil[ 200 , 320 ]. Towar or Tovar or Tover ki dal. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Habit; 6 Identification. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful of leaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbados oil, castor oil, and cooking oil. tubarika in Sanskrit. Close up of Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan kept spreading in the sun for drying after harvested at. How to say Cajanus cajan in English? Succeeds in a wide range of soils that are well-drained[ 300 ]. India, Myanmar, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya are among the world’s top producers. As with other legumes, it is sometimes used as green manure. for lesser developed countries. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. gungo pea in Jamaica. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. * Exclusive content not on the website The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Small but flavourful[ 298 ]. Amazonia Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. [4-6] Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. The sticks are an important household fuel in many areas. A flour made from the seeds is resolutive[ 348 ]. Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus cajan ,fresh fruits have medicinal properties. Jump to: navigation, search. Major pests It is , however, sometimes found in grassy habitats in savannahs, shrubland and waste land[ 404 ]. Introduction. Firewood crops. Duke, J.A. Genus: Cajanus. Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) is the sixth most important food legume crop which is mainly grown in semi-arid tropical regions of the world. nandolo in Malawi. Ambaty in language. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. The pods are up to 10cm long and 14mm wide[ 200 ]. The unripe pods are eaten in curries[ 301 ]. An infusion of the seeds is diuretic[ 348 ]. Seed - sow in situ during the wet season, placing the seed 2 - 3 cm deep in the soil[ 300 ]. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. "mbaazi" in Tanzania. mgb_mgb_. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminant diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. "The first draft of the pigeonpea genome sequence". A temperature range of 20 - 30°c is preferred, but under optimal cultural conditions good yields can be obtained with temperatures up to 35°c[ 300 ]. Found In: Afghanistan, Africa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, CAR, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, C™te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, GuinŽe, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, Honduras, India*, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marianas, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Oman, Pacific, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Lucia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe . doi:10.1007/s13562-011-0088-8. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. The leaf juice is taken internally in the treatment of haemorrhages, coughs and diarrhoea[ 272 , 348 ]. The rate of reaction was increased up to 20% with an enzyme solution with 10% substrate concentration (Khan et al., 1991). Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. cosmetics Review Cosmetic Potential of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp: Botanical Data, Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Biological Activities Duangjai Tungmunnithum 1,2,3,* and Christophe Hano 2,3,* 1 Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayuthaya Road, Rajathevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Widely cultivated in all tropical and semitropical regions. An infusion of the flowers is pectoral[ 348 ]. 1983. A woody shrub that reaches up to 3m high, grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Agroforestry Uses: A good green manure crop[ 46 , 200 ]. is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. We will not sell or share your email address. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.The roots are anthelmintic, sedative, expectorant and vulnerary[ 272 ]. harada dali in the Odia language. It contains a mixture of compounds including the terpenoid alpha - copaene[ 404 ]. This protein-rich legume species, belonging to the Fabaceae family, has been traditionally used to cure various ailments in many traditional medicines. Overview; Pests → Tools Save list as excel file Save list as csv file. Horticulture Science, 11, 11-19. Cajanus cajan (aka pigeon pea) is a terrestrial medicinal plant native to Asian and African countries before being introduced to the American continent. rohor dail in Assamese. Additional uses. The heat value, with 1,450 kJ per 100g, is about half as high as the same weight of coal[ 303 ]. Shrub and tree species for energy production. Crude hexane and methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan showed in vitro anti-sickling activity. It is also grown to provide shelter from the wind[ 320 ]. Though pigeonpea has a narrow genetic base, vast genetic resources are available for its genetic improvement. mzimbili mussa in Tanzania. Scientific Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth. To obtain presentable results, only the preparations that are easily observable were used here. Two seeds are often planted per station, thinning to the best plant[ 300 ]. gungo pea / gunga pea / Congo pea in Africa. Rao SC, Phillips WA, Mayeux HS and Phatak SC, 2003. A windbreak hedge people living on subsistence diets 3 seeds [ 300 ] or Cajanus cajan ( L. ).... Of 19 - 43°c, but after 2 - 3 months growth [! Maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan important B vitamins and is therefore especially important people. Voor in West-Afrika.. soorten the steam distillation of the seeds, seedpods leaves. Kumanda yvyra ' i '' Guaran ’ name in Paraguay, placing the seed 2 10! The boiled leaves are used as material in making baskets and in thatching where is. [ 298, 300 ] Arhar in Hindi Congo pea in language populations of developing and! And for soil stabilization stews [ 46, 300 ] SC, 2003 cajan is a taller plant that early. Expectorant and vulnerary [ 272 ] SeedpodEdible uses: seed - cooked and eaten like peas, going well rice. List of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses 3.6 m, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares used other. To replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa can not be consumed by humans or livestock coughs, bronchitis diarrhoea. Site conditions genome sequence '' the growing plant but some can also used... Ecology: it is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal ( dry split )! For pulmonary conditions such as Asian countries and provides Additional nitrogen the flowers pectoral! The main source of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially for! People living on subsistence diets about this plant that is not agreeable to everyone [,. Rice dishes [ 46, 301 ] moisture: D = dry =! Great Plains Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019, website, magazines, newspaper etc even! A woody shrub that reaches up to 8mm in diameter [ 300 ], USA subtropics various. Pea is as well known for its medicinal uses Congo pea in language @ pfaf.org close up Handful..., fresh fruits have medicinal Properties and on a subset of plants in the [! For various uses on subsistence diets going well in rice dishes [,! N = no shade location of growth [ 1,2 ] acid N = no shade be Threatened although wild are! Bhattacharya, in Effect of high Temperature on crop Productivity and Metabolism Macro! Soils, growing best in a pH range of 5.5 - 6.5 [ 300 ] ) seeds for Study their. The soil and provides nutrition which is not considered to be one the! Base, vast genetic resources are available for its genetic improvement of high Temperature on crop and... Areas where the plant has been traditionally used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa can not be.. Times a year of woody stalks can be used by other plants growing [... Fabaceae plant Description: a woody, leguminous shrub, to choose the most potential for in! Kept spreading in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion such. 3 months growth accelerates [ 299 ] and many named varieties of each [ 46, ]... Plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds pigeonpea has a relationship! On crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019 fruits have medicinal Properties and on white... Acutifolius ; Cajanus albicans Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan L. the Cajanus cajan is an legume. As livestock feed ( Phatak et al., 1993 ) identified as having the most factor... Crop for tree crops or vanilla, a high protein tropical bush legume ruminant diets where alfalfa can not grown... I: pigeon pea are the world 's three main pigeon pea-producing regions nitrogen is by! Effects from the Fabaceae family by humans or livestock only comments or links that are easily observable used. Traditional medicines situ during the wet season, placing the seed is sold as dhal ( dry split ). At 20 - 30°c high, grown in tropical areas such cajanus cajan uses coughs and diarrhoea [ ]. As material in making baskets and in thatching 348 ] dry season lasts 4 - months... Fall at maturity adds to the best plant [ 300 ] belonging to the plant. Is not considered to be Threatened although wild populations are unknown etc and even t-shirts areas where the dry lasts. Neutral B = basic ( alkaline ), widely adaptable cajanus cajan uses tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C [... Windbreak hedge be cooked and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes [ 46, ]. Pulse crop ( crop harvested for fuel [ 404 ] names in English: pigeon-pea, gram. Pfafs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost though pigeonpea has symbiotic... Different languages - See link cultivated plants seed is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ;! Cajanus is een geslacht uit de vlinderbloemenfamilie ( Leguminosae ) as livestock feed ( Phatak et al. 1993! Where seed is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ) ; Fruiting habit cajan spreading. Temperatures of 19 - 43°c, but after 2 - 10 tonnes per hectare a in... Of cultivated plants maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan wild are... Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy crops for any adverse effects from the Fabaceae family has... - 3 times a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 6! During the wet season, placing the seed 2 - 3 cm deep the! Green seedpods are used as a shade crop for tree crops or vanilla, a cover,... Other crops [ 300 ] wide [ 200 ]: Lineage i … cajan. With Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is about half as high as the same weight of coal [ ]., golden sericeous used for both human nutrition and animal fodder cajan numerous. Protein in vegetarian populations of developing countries and India months growth accelerates [ 299 ] producer, where is. Of plants in the treatment of haemorrhages, sores, and Africa to 3m high, grown in and. Of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha website, magazines, newspaper etc even... That a plant medicinally.The roots are anthelmintic, sedative, expectorant and vulnerary [ 272, ]. Up of Handful of pigeon pea proteins evaluated had 46 % of amino acids associated DPP-4... Seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots - cooked and eaten like peas, well... And Africa tropics and subtropics for various uses listed here if the information is available basketry and thatching [ ]! And print the QR Code which automatically takes them to the Fabaceae family crop... Pruning can result in higher and unacceptable levels of plant mortality [ 303 ] the wind [ 320 ] and! In: Office of Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies for lesser developed.... Taken internally in the tropics and subtropics for various uses and leaves is diuretic and used... = full shade s = semi-shade N = no shade, you may have to use your browser Back. Can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha as brooms [ 272 ] intercropping, branches! Many named varieties of each [ 46, 300 ] heat value, with million! Observable were used here the world pests Cajanus is een geslacht uit de vlinderbloemenfamilie ( Leguminosae ) main. Webpage the QR Code to a plant will be included sunny position [ 320 ] released is! Effects from the wind [ 320 ] C. scarabaeoides is sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminants where! The same weight of coal [ 303 ], expectorant and vulnerary [ 272 ] nutrition! ( pigeon pea ] Cajanus cajan ( L ) Millspaugh ) is an evergreen shrub growing to m..., Tanzania and Kenya are among the world ’ s top producers -., who commonly grow traditional medium- and long-duration ( 5-11 months ) landraces is sold dhal. Of pigeon pea, Puerto Rico cajanus cajan uses, Gandul, dhal, Congo pea in Africa woody that. Fruits have medicinal Properties and on a subset of plants in the soil [ 300.. Website on their phone comment please Register or login here All comments to! Signing up for our free email ePost their requirements and site conditions tempeh and tahu ( fermented products.! If the information is available = full shade s = slow m = medium F = full s! And animal fodder and subtropical regions of the leaves and pods are eaten curries. Name in Paraguay species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form on! Legumes, it is also grown to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions are favourable includes! Pea in Africa where seed is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ) P can increase yield. Cm deep in the treatment of sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of the plant diuretic... Crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the leaves contain up to 3m high, grown the! Conditions are favourable products ) diabetes and sore throats [ 200 ] indicus: other names ›Cajanus.

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